- Capital, Chapter 16 – Absolute and Relative Surplus-Value
- Capital, Chapter 17 – Changes of Magnitude in the Price of Labour-Power and in Surplus-Value
- Capital, Chapter 18 – Various Formula for the Rate of Surplus-Value
- Capital, Chapter 19 – The Transformation of the Value (and Respective Price) of Labour-Power in Wages
- Capital, Chapter 20 – Time-Wages
- Capital, Chapter 21 – Piece-Wages
- Capital, Chapter 22 – National Differences of Wages
- Capital, Chapter 23 – Simple Reproduction
- Capital, Chapter 24 – Conversion of Surplus-Value into Capital
- PolyluxMarx: A Capital Workbook – p. 112- 131
- David Harvey, A Companion to Marx”s Capital, Chapter 9
Some of the questions below are borrowed from the Marxists Internet Archive
- How would you understand or explain the difference in wages from one country to another?
- What is the fundamental difference between the way Marx defines the rate of profit and the way “rate of profit” is understood in economics today?
- And what factors would lead to “rate of profit” in Marx”s terms going up while “rate of profit” in economic terms goes down, and vice versa?
- If being a wage-worker (i.e., paid by the hour to work as directed) is not the definition of the proletariat, what is?
- What, if anything, is the difference between a worker paid a wage by an employer, and a contractor who is paid by the hour for services rendered to the same capitalist?
- What is the key assumption that Marx makes that differentiates his concept of simple reproduction from his concept of expanded reproduction?
- How is surplus-value converted into new capital?